Since 2006, the USDA, Economic Research Service (ERS) has collected data on time use and eating patterns through the ERS-developed Eating and Health Module of the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics’ American Time Use Survey (ATUS). This module has been included as a supplement to the ATUS in 2006–08, 2014–16, and 2022–23. This dataset encompasses a wide array of information, including secondary eating—that is eating while doing another activity considered primary by the respondent—height and weight, physical activity, self-assessed diet quality and health status, USDA food assistance program participation, grocery shopping, and meal preparation. These survey data can help inform analysis on the determinants of dietary intake and diet-related health status.
In 2022, the Eating and Health Module captured for the first time nationally representative data concerning the prevalence and frequency of U.S. residents who report shopping for groceries online. The survey data revealed that nearly 9 out of 10 individuals aged 15 and older (87.2 percent) reported they usually grocery shopped for their household, either online or in-person. Of these, approximately 2 in 10 (19.3 percent) had bought groceries online at least once in the last 30 days. However, the frequency of online shopping varied. Among those who had bought groceries online in the past month, 30.2 percent did so once, 25.1 percent made two online grocery purchases, and 44.7 percent purchased groceries online three or more times.
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